Breed Predispositions

When searching for a new pet to join your family, there are many factors to consider: age, breed, and temperament are a few important ones. A less well-known but equally important factor is what breed predisposition your future pet may have. Many breeds are prone to inherited diseases and physical ailments due to inbreeding or selection on extreme traits. It is important to know what problems your pet may face, either at birth or later on in life, so you can be aware of the treatments and costs associated with that animal.

Below is a list of the more common dog breeds and some of their associated health problems.

  • American Bulldogs: hip and elbow dysplasia, lysosomal storage disease

  • American Pit Bill Terrier: demodicosis/demodectic mange, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, patellar luxation

  • Australian Shepard: deafness, hip dysplasia, cataracts, retinal dysplasia

  • Beagle: pulmonic stenosis, cataracts, deafness

  • Bernese Mountain Dog: meningitis, elbow and hip dysplasia, histiocytosis

  • Border Collie: deafness, Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), hip dysplasia

  • Boxer: corneal dystrophy, degenerative myelopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy

  • Chihuahua: patellar luxation, corneal dystrophy, demodicosis/demodectic mange

  • American Cocker Spaniel: retinal dysplasia, seborrhea, chronic hepatitis 

  • Dachshund: acanthosis nigricans, intervertebral disk disease, cryptorchidism

  • English (British) Bulldog: brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, dry eye, ventricular septal defect

  • French Bulldog: brachycephalic syndrome, cleft lip/palate, histiocytic ulcerative colitis, intervertebral disk disease

  • German Shepard: degenerative myolepathy, haemophilia, hip dysplasia, panosteitis, perianal fistula

  • Golden Retriever: hip, elbow and retinal dysplasia, subaortic stenosis

  • Great Pyrenees: hip dysplasia, coagulation (bleeding) disorders, Wobbler syndrome, deafness

  • Labrador Retriever: elbow, hip and retinal dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome, cataracts

  • Mastiff: hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, pulmonic stenosis

  • Newfoundland: hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, subaortic stenosis

  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi: cataracts, degenerative myelopathy, intervertebral disk disease

  • Pomeranian: patent ductus arteriosus, cryptorchidism, hydrochephalus

  • Poodle (miniature): mitral valve dysplasia, patellar luxation, cataracts, deafness

  • Poodle (toy): patellar luxation, deafness, cryptorchidism, diabetes mellitus

  • Pug: dry eye, atopy, brachychephalic syndrome, demodicosis/demodectic mange

  • Rhodesian Ridgeback: dermoid sinus, hip dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome

  • Rottweiler: subaortic stenosis, hip and elbow dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome

  • Schnauzer (miniature): portosystemic shunt, sick sinus syndrome, cataracts, diabetes mellitus

  • Shar-pei: atopy, demodicosis/demodectic mange, entropian, hip dysplasia

  • Shih Tzu: exposure keratopathy syndrome, brachycephalic syndrome, dermoid sinus

  • Siberian Huskey: hip dysplasia, cataracts, glaucoma, entropion

  • Welsh Corgi (Cardigan): intervertebral disk disease, lens luxation, retinal dysplasia

  • Yorkshire Terrier: patellar luxation, portosystemic shunt, tracheal collapse, retinal dysplasia

Click          to visit the Canine Inherited Disorders Database.