top of page

Common Breed Predispositions

When searching for a new pet to join your family, there are many factors to consider: age, breed, and temperament are a few important ones.

A less well-known but equally important factor is what breed predisposition your future pet may have.

Many breeds are prone to inherited diseases and physical ailments due to inbreeding or selection on extreme traits. It is important to know what problems your pet may face, either at birth or later on in life, so you can be aware of the treatments and costs associated with that animal.

Below is a list of the more common dog breeds and some of their associated health problems.

American Bulldogs: hip and elbow dysplasia, lysosomal storage disease

American Pit Bill Terrier: demodicosis/demodectic mange, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, patellar luxation

Australian Shepard: deafness, hip dysplasia, cataracts, retinal dysplasia

Beagle: pulmonic stenosis, cataracts, deafness

Bernese Mountain Dog: meningitis, elbow and hip dysplasia, histiocytosis

Border Collie: deafness, Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), hip dysplasia

Boxer: corneal dystrophy, degenerative myelopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy

Chihuahua: patellar luxation, corneal dystrophy, demodicosis/demodectic mange

American Cocker Spaniel: retinal dysplasia, seborrhea, chronic hepatitis

Dachshund: acanthosis nigricans, intervertebral disk disease, cryptorchidism

English (British) Bulldog: brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, dry eye, ventricular septal defect

French Bulldog: brachycephalic syndrome, cleft lip/palate, histiocytic ulcerative colitis, intervertebral disk disease

German Shepard: degenerative myelopathy, hemophilia, hip dysplasia, pan osteitis, perianal fistula

Golden Retriever: hip, elbow and retinal dysplasia, subaortic stenosis

Great Pyrenees: hip dysplasia, coagulation (bleeding) disorders, Wobbler syndrome, deafness

Labrador Retriever: elbow, hip and retinal dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome, cataracts

Mastiff: hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, pulmonic stenosis

Newfoundland: hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, subaortic stenosis

Pembroke Welsh Corgi: cataracts, degenerative myelopathy, intervertebral disk disease

Pomeranian: patent ductus arteriosus, cryptorchidism, hydrocephalus

Poodle (miniature): mitral valve dysplasia, patellar luxation, cataracts, deafness

Poodle (toy): patellar luxation, deafness, cryptorchidism, diabetes mellitus

Pug: dry eye, atopy, brachycephalic syndrome, demodicosis/demodectic mange

Rhodesian Ridgeback: dermoid sinus, hip dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome

Rottweiler: subaortic stenosis, hip and elbow dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome

Schnauzer (miniature): portosystemic shunt, sick sinus syndrome, cataracts, diabetes mellitus

Shar-pei: atopy, demodicosis/demodectic mange, entropion, hip dysplasia

Shih Tzu: exposure keratopathy syndrome, brachycephalic syndrome, dermoid sinus

Siberian Huskey: hip dysplasia, cataracts, glaucoma, entropion

Welsh Corgi (Cardigan): intervertebral disk disease, lens luxation, retinal dysplasia

Yorkshire Terrier: patellar luxation, portosystemic shunt, tracheal collapse, retinal dysplasia

Learn more by visiting Canine Inherited Disorders


bottom of page