Common Breed Predispositions

When searching for a new pet to join your family, there are many factors to consider: age, breed, and temperament are a few important ones.


A less well-known but equally important factor is what breed predisposition your future pet may have.


Many breeds are prone to inherited diseases and physical ailments due to inbreeding or selection on extreme traits. It is important to know what problems your pet may face, either at birth or later on in life, so you can be aware of the treatments and costs associated with that animal.




Below is a list of the more common dog breeds and some of their associated health problems.


American Bulldogs: hip and elbow dysplasia, lysosomal storage disease


American Pit Bill Terrier: demodicosis/demodectic mange, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, patellar luxation


Australian Shepard: deafness, hip dysplasia, cataracts, retinal dysplasia


Beagle: pulmonic stenosis, cataracts, deafness


Bernese Mountain Dog: meningitis, elbow and hip dysplasia, histiocytosis


Border Collie: deafness, Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), hip dysplasia


Boxer: corneal dystrophy, degenerative myelopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy


Chihuahua: patellar luxation, corneal dystrophy, demodicosis/demodectic mange


American Cocker Spaniel: retinal dysplasia, seborrhea, chronic hepatitis


Dachshund: acanthosis nigricans, intervertebral disk disease, cryptorchidism


English (British) Bulldog: brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, dry eye, ventricular septal defect


French Bulldog: brachycephalic syndrome, cleft lip/palate, histiocytic ulcerative colitis, intervertebral disk disease


German Shepard: degenerative myelopathy, hemophilia, hip dysplasia, pan osteitis, perianal fistula


Golden Retriever: hip, elbow and retinal dysplasia, subaortic stenosis


Great Pyrenees: hip dysplasia, coagulation (bleeding) disorders, Wobbler syndrome, deafness


Labrador Retriever: elbow, hip and retinal dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome, cataracts


Mastiff: hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, pulmonic stenosis


Newfoundland: hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, subaortic stenosis


Pembroke Welsh Corgi: cataracts, degenerative myelopathy, intervertebral disk disease


Pomeranian: patent ductus arteriosus, cryptorchidism, hydrocephalus


Poodle (miniature): mitral valve dysplasia, patellar luxation, cataracts, deafness


Poodle (toy): patellar luxation, deafness, cryptorchidism, diabetes mellitus


Pug: dry eye, atopy, brachycephalic syndrome, demodicosis/demodectic mange


Rhodesian Ridgeback: dermoid sinus, hip dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome


Rottweiler: subaortic stenosis, hip and elbow dysplasia, Wobbler syndrome


Schnauzer (miniature): portosystemic shunt, sick sinus syndrome, cataracts, diabetes mellitus


Shar-pei: atopy, demodicosis/demodectic mange, entropion, hip dysplasia


Shih Tzu: exposure keratopathy syndrome, brachycephalic syndrome, dermoid sinus


Siberian Huskey: hip dysplasia, cataracts, glaucoma, entropion


Welsh Corgi (Cardigan): intervertebral disk disease, lens luxation, retinal dysplasia


Yorkshire Terrier: patellar luxation, portosystemic shunt, tracheal collapse, retinal dysplasia




Learn more by visiting Canine Inherited Disorders